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Monday, July 26, 2010

Learn Before you Quilt--Lingo

Well, it is almost time! Won't be long until we get to start our Learn to Quilt lessons!! For now, Mondays will be our quilty day. I am not going to set that in stone because you just never know when life is going to get in the way of your best laid plans, don't you agree?

Before you start, you need to learn the lingo. That way when you pop into your local quilt shop, you will at least know something about what you are doing!! So, settle in for your vocabulary lesson. I promise, I won't even give you a pop quiz. I actually borrowed the terms from the Quilting for Dummies cheat sheet. You can follow the link below for more quilty hints. If you have any questions, please ask!

Quilting Lingo

Hang out in a fabric store long enough and you’re bound to hear some quilting lingo that you may or may not be able to translate. To help you feel more comfortable and in-the-know, here’s a quick rundown of “quilt-bonics”:
  • Appliquéd quilt: A quilt made of fabric shapes stitched to a foundation piece of fabric to create a design.
  • Backing: The fabric used for the back side of the quilt — the bottom-most layer.
  • Basting: Using large, easy-to-remove stitches to hold the layers of a quilt in place. You remove basting stitches after you complete the quilting design.
  • Batting: The filling that makes a quilt warm and wonderful.
  • Binding: The bias-cut trim used to conceal, or bind, the raw edges of a quilt. Bindings come premade, or you can make them yourself.
  • Charm quilt: A pieced or appliquéd quilt in which many different fabrics are used and don’t appear more than twice. Bundles of charm squares are often exchanged at quilting guilds so that quilters can collect a wide assortment of fabrics.
  • Conversation prints: Also known as novelty prints, these fabrics often have large-scale or unusual designs.
  • Directional prints: Fabrics that have an obvious one-direction design, such as a stripe or floral bouquet with a north-south orientation.
  • Fat quarter: This fabric cut measures 18 x 22 inches, giving you a more usable space than you have with a standard 1/4-yard cut of fabric (which would be long and skinny at 9 x 44 inches).
  • Fat eighth: This fabric cut is a fat quarter cut in half to measure 18 x 11 inches. Fat eighths are handy when you need just a small amount of fabric.
  • Fussy-cut: A pattern piece that has been cut to accommodate a specific design in the fabric. An example is centering a floral bouquet in the middle of a square to show it off in the finished block.
  • Loft: The thickness of batting. Low-loft is a flatter, less fluffy batting than high-loft, which is very fluffy and plush.
  • Long-arm quilting machine: You’re likely to find this special machine in a lot of quilting shops. Its sole purpose is to machine quilt an assembled quilt. If you don’t want to quilt your project yourself, many shops (and a good number of individuals) will quilt it for you for a fee using these machines.
  • Muslin: Plain cotton fabric that’s either unbleached or bleached white. It can be used as a backing or in the quilt top.
  • Pieced quilt: A quilt made of pieces that have been cut and stitched together to form a new design.
  • Quilt top: The topmost layer of the quilt; it features piecing or appliqué designs.
  • Strip quilting: Stitching strips of fabric together and cutting the multi-colored strip into pieces to create a new design.
  • Subcut: Cutting an already cut piece into many smaller pieces.
  • Templates: Premade plastic or acrylic pattern pieces or paper patterns mounted onto cardstock and used to trace shapes onto fabric for cutting.

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Pat said...

Thank you! I always wondered what a fat quarter was !

SarahB said...

Thanks for your nice comment on my graph paper quilt over at Project Quilting! :)

Sarah {The Student Knitter} said...

Wow, thank you so much for this! I had guessed at most of these meanings but I just wasn't sure, ya know? I've become a follower and am eagerly anticipating further learn-to-quilt posts!